Bumbuli is an entirely rural constituency of Lushoto district. Literacy rates are 70% compared to 86% for urban Lushoto; 28% of rural residents have no schooling, compared to 13% of urban residents, and less than a third (31%) have completed schooling compared to almost (46%) half of Lushoto’s urban residents.
Bumbuli had 44,544 primary school students in 89 schools in early 2010. The average number of schools per ward was seven and the average number of students per school was 500. However, Mamba ward had over 800 students per school, while Tamota had the lowest with 365 per school.
Bumbuli’s primary school dropout rate is disturbing. Almost 600 children (8% of the class) who were enrolled in Standard 1 in 2009 dropped out of school that same year and did not make it to Standard 2. Boys accounted for 57% of the dropouts overall, but over 71% of the dropouts between Standards VI and VII.
Almost 96% of population had no secondary education in 2002. Of the 4% who did, the vast majority were men (71%). The government has put in place a policy of ensuring that every ward has a secondary school. There is strong evidence of a good response by Bumbuli’s parents who have contributed to building the schools. The impact of that policy on Bumbuli’s secondary school enrollment, completion and achievement rates will take some time to measure.